The full Harvest Moon rises behind the Statue of Liberty in New York City – Corbis News

Residue off those binoculars and keep your eyes on the skies, as the tenth full moon of 2019 is quick drawing closer.

As one of 12 full moons to appreciate each year, October’s moon was named the Hunter’s Moon by early Native Americans since it was the perfect time for chasing.

In any case, when and how might you see it? Here we’ve gathered a total manual for our moon, Earth’s just characteristic satellite and the biggest and most splendid item in our night sky which has captivated and propelled humankind for quite a long time.

From supermoon to blue moon, here’s beginning and end clarified in one spot.

How frequently does a full moon happen?

A full moon happens each 29.5 days and is the point at which the Moon is totally enlightened by the Sun’s beams. It happens when Earth is legitimately adjusted between the Sun and the Moon.

For what reason do full moons have names?

The early Native Americans didn’t record time utilizing a very long time of the Julian or Gregorian schedule. Rather clans gave each full moon a moniker to monitor the seasons and lunar months.

A large portion of the names identify with a movement or an occasion that occurred at the time in every area. Notwithstanding, it was definitely not a uniform framework and clans would in general name and check moons in an unexpected way. A few, for instance, tallied four seasons every year while others checked five. Others characterized a year as 12 moons, while others said there were 13.

Pilgrim Americans embraced a portion of the moon names and applied them to their very own schedule framework which is the reason they’re still in presence today, as per the Farmer’s Almanac.

October: Hunter’s Moon

As individuals prepared for the chilly months ahead, the October moon came to imply the perfect time for chasing game, which were getting to be fatter from eating falling grains. This moon is otherwise called the movement moon and the perishing grass moon.

When? October 13

November: Frost Moon

The first of the winter ices generally start to cause significant damage around now and winter starts to nibble, prompting the current month’s moon moniker. It is otherwise called the Beaver Moon.

When? November 12

December: Cold Moon

Evenings are long and dull and winter’s grasp fixes, thus this current Moon’s name. With Christmas only half a month away, it’s likewise alluded to as Moon before Yule and Long Nights Moon.

When? December 12

Past 2019 full moons

January: Wolf Moon

This moon was named on the grounds that residents used to hear packs of wolves wailing in appetite around this time. Its other name is the Old Moon.

The principal full moon of 2019 was a terrific sight, named the ‘super blood wolf moon’. Happening as the result of three unique wonders: it was a supermoon, a wolf moon and a blood moon. While it was said to be the UK’s last noticeable absolute lunar shroud for a long time, it was imagined crosswise over skies far and wide with a profound orange tone.

In January 2018 there were two Wolf Moons, the two of which were supermoons. At the point when two moons happen in one month, the second is known as a blue moon. While blue moons ordinarily happen just once every a few years, a year ago we were blessed to receive two moons – the second showing up toward the finish of March.

When? January 21

February: Snow Moon

The Snow moon is named after the virus white stuff on the grounds that verifiably it’s consistently been the snowiest month in America. It’s likewise customarily alluded to as the Hunger Moon, since chasing was troublesome in blanketed conditions.

While February 2018 had no full moon by any stretch of the imagination, the current year’s Snow Moon was additionally the second of three supermoons to happen in 2019. Ascending in the sky at 3.53pm, the moon made its nearest way to deal with Earth all year and showed up unmistakably greater and more splendid to the unaided eye.

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When? February 19

Walk: Worm Moon

As temperatures warm, worm throws start to show up and winged creatures start discovering nourishment. It’s otherwise called Sap Moon, Crow Moon and Lenten Moon.

The current year’s Worm Moon was additionally the third super moon of 2019, seeming 30 percent more brilliant and 14 percent greater to the human eye.

In the UK, the moon was at its most brilliant at 1.42am on Thursday, March 21, under four hours after the Spring Equinox.

When? Walk 21

April: Pink Moon

April’s full moon is known as the Pink Moon, however don’t be tricked into intuition it will turn pink. It’s really named after pink wildflowers, which show up in the US and Canada in late-winter.

This moon is otherwise called the Egg Moon, because of spring egg-laying season. Some beach front clans alluded to it as Fish Moon since it showed up simultaneously as the shad swimming upstream.

This moon is significant in light of the fact that it is utilized to fix the date of Easter, which is consistently the Sunday after the main full moon following the spring equinox. This year, that moon showed up on Friday April 19, which implied Easter Sunday fell two days after the fact, on Sunday April 21.

When? April 19

May: Flower Moon

Spring has formally sprung when May shows up, and blossoms and vivid sprouts spot the scene.

This moon is otherwise called Corn Planting Moon, as yields are planted in time for gather, or Bright Moon since this full moon is known to be one of the most splendid. A few people allude to it as Milk Moon.

In 2019, May’s Flower Moon was additionally a Blue Moon, the name allowed to a subsequent full moon that happens in a solitary schedule month.

When? May 18

June: Strawberry Moon

This moon is named after the start of the strawberry picking season. It’s different names are Rose Moon, Hot Moon, or Hay Moon as roughage is regularly collected around now.

This moon shows up in a similar month as the late spring solstice, the longest day of the year (June 21) in which we can appreciate around 17 hours of sunshine.

When? June 17

July: Thunder Moon

Named because of the commonness of summer thunder storms. It’s occasionally alluded to as the Full Buck Moon in light of the fact that during this time a buck’s tusks are completely developed.

This year, the Thunder Moon matched with the fractional lunar obscuration, also called the Half Blood Moon. From 9.06pm in the UK, the full moon showed up in the sky, with a ruddy gleam.

<span>July's full moon, also known as the Thunder Moon, was seen over the Colosseum during a partial lunar eclipse, in Rome, late Tuesday, July 16, 2019.</span> <span>Credit: Andrew Medichini/AP </span>
July’s full moon, also known as the Thunder Moon, was seen over the Colosseum during a partial lunar eclipse, in Rome, late Tuesday, July 16, 2019. Credit: Andrew Medichini/AP

But this full moon was extra special this year because it fell on the anniversary of the Apollo 11 mission. 50 years ago, on July 16 1969, the crew set off from Florida on their historic voyage to the Moon, which later saw Neil Armstrong become the first man to step on the lunar surface. 

When? July 16

August: Sturgeon Moon

Tribes in North America typically caught Sturgeon during this month, but also it is when grain and corn were gathered so is sometimes referred to as Grain Moon. 

This month’s full moon appeared in the same month as the Perseid meteor shower, which peaked on August 12, and ahead of the Black Super New Moon, which is set to take place on August 30.

When? August 15

September: Harvest Moon

The Harvest Moon is the name given to the first full moon that takes place closest to the Autumn equinox, which this year fell on September 14. While this full moon normally rises in September, in 2017 it arrived late on October 5.

It was during September that most of the crops were harvested ahead of the autumn and this moon would give light to farmers so they could carry on working longer in the evening. Some tribes also called it the Barley Moon, the Full Corn Moon or Fruit Moon. 

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When? September 14

Total lunar eclipses

Space fans will remember that a total lunar eclipse graced our skies on January 21. In total the phenomenon – which was also a full moon and a supermoon – lasted five hours, 11 minutes and 33 seconds, with its maximum totality peaking at 5.12am.

The celestial spectacle, otherwise known as a ‘blood moon’, occurs when the moon moves into the Earth’s shadow. At the distance of the moon this shadow appears like the bull’s eye at the centre of a dartboard.

The umbral shadow slowly creeps across the moon’s disc until it engulfs it completely. You might think the moon would disappear from view at this point but this is typically not the case. The Earth’s atmosphere acts like a lens, refracting or bending the Sun’s red light to infill the otherwise dark umbra. This results in the moon’s usual bright white hue transforming into a deep blood orange.

July 2018 saw the longest total lunar eclipse of the 21st century, lasting from 8.49pm to 10.13pm in London. Making the phenomenon even more spectacular, Mars was at its closest point to Earth since 2003, meaning the Red Planet was close to maximum brightness. 

Once in a blue moon

Does this well-known phrase have anything to do with the moon? Well, yes it does. We use it to refer to something happening very rarely and a blue moon is a rare occurrence.

A monthly blue moon is the name given to a second full moon that occurs in a single calendar month and this typically occurs only once every two to three years.

A seasonal blue moon describes the third of four full moons to occur in an astronomical season. In 2019, May’s Flower Moon was also a seasonal blue moon.

There’s lots of other moons, too – how many do you know?

Full moon: We all know what these are. They come around every month and light up the sky at night.

Harvest moon: The full moon closest to the autumn equinox.

Black moon: Most experts agree that this refers to the second new moon in a calendar month. The last black moon was at the start of October 2016 and the next one is expected in August 2019; the first of the month will be on the 1st and the second will fall on the 30th.

Blood moon: Also known as a supermoon lunar eclipse. It’s when the shadow of Earth casts a reddish glow on the moon, the result of a rare combination of an eclipse with the closest full moon of the year.  There was one in the UK in January 2019, but the next one won’t be until 2029. 

Strawberry moon: A rare event when there’s a full moon on the same day as the summer solstice. It happened in June 2016 for the first time since 1967 when 17 hours of sunlight gave way to a bright moonlit sky. Despite the name, the moon does appear pink or red. The romantic label was coined by the Algonquin tribes of North America who believed June’s full moon signalled the beginning of the strawberry picking season.

What is a supermoon?

Ever looked up at the night sky to see a full moon so close you could almost touch it? Well you’ve probably spotted a supermoon.

The impressive sight happens when a full moon is at the point in its orbit that brings it closest to Earth. To us Earth-lings, it appears 30 per cent brighter and 14 per cent bigger to the naked eye. 

Supermoon is not an astrological term though. It’s scientific name is actually Perigee Full Moon, but supermoon is more catchy and is used by the media to describe our celestial neighbour when it gets up close.

Astrologer Richard Nolle first came up with the term supermoon and he defined it as “… a new or full moon which occurs with the moon at or near (within 90 per cent of) its closest approach to Earth in a given orbit”, according to earthsky.org.

How many supermoons are there in 2019?

Three full moon supermoons graced our skies in 2019, appearing on January 21, February 19 and March 21.

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The first of these supermoons was a total lunar eclipse, with the totality lasting 1 hour, 1 minute and 58 seconds in the UK. However, the peak of the eclipse was at 5.12am, which meant stargazers had to get up early to catch it.

A new moon supermoon also occurred on August 1, with another two set to follow on August 30 and September 28. Unfortunately, stargazers may be unable to see these lunar events as new moons are generally obscured by the light of the sun.

What do I look for?

Head outside at sunset when the moon is closest to the horizon and marvel at its size. As well as being closer and brighter, the moon (clouds permitting) should also look orange and red in colour.

Why? Well, as moonlight passes through the thicker section of the atmosphere, light particles at the red end of the spectrum don’t scatter as easily as light at the blue end of the spectrum.

So when the moon looks red, you’re just looking at red light that wasn’t scattered. As the moon gets higher in the sky, it returns to its normal white/yellow colour. 

Will the tides be larger?

Yes. When full or new moons are especially close to Earth, it leads to higher tides. Tides are governed by the gravitational pull of the moon and, to a lesser extent, the sun. Because the sun and moon go through different alignments, this affects the size of the tides.

Tell me more about the moon

  • The moon is 4.6 billion years old and was formed between 30-50 million years after the solar system.
  • It is smaller than Earth – about the same size as Pluto in fact.
  • Its surface area is less than the surface area of Asia – about 14.6 million square miles according to space.com
  • Gravity on the moon is only 1/6 of that found on Earth.
  • The moon is not round, but is egg-shaped with the large end pointed towards Earth.
  • It would take 135 days to drive by car to the moon at 70 mph (or nine years to walk).
  • The moon has “moonquakes” caused by the gravitational pull of Earth.
  • Experts believe the moon has a molten core, just like Earth. 

How was the Moon formed?

Man on the Moon

Only 12 people have ever walked on the moon and they were all American men, including (most famously) Neil Armstrong who was the first in 1969 on the Apollo II mission

The last time mankind sent someone to the moon was in 1972 when Gene Cernan visited on the Apollo 17 mission.

Although Armstrong was the first man to walk on the moon, Buzz Aldrin was the first man to urinate there. While millions watched the moon landing on live television, Aldrin was forced to go in a tube fitted inside his space suit.

<span>Buzz Aldrin Jr. beside the U.S. flag after man reaches the Moon for the first time during the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969. </span> <span>Credit: AP </span>
Buzz Aldrin Jr. beside the U.S. flag after man reaches the Moon for the first time during the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969. Credit: AP

When the astronauts took off their helmets after their moonwalk, they noticed a strong smell, which Armstrong described as “wet ashes in a fireplace” and Aldrin as “spent gunpowder”. It was the smell of moon-dust brought in on their boots.

The mineral, armalcolite, discovered during the first moon landing and later found at various locations on Earth, was named after the three Apollo 11 astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins.

An estimated 600 million people watched the Apollo 11 landing live on television, a world record until 750 million people watched the wedding of the Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer in 1981.

An estimated 600 million people watched the Apollo 11 landing live on television, a world record until 750 million people watched the wedding of the Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer in 1981.

<span>How the Daily Telegraph reported Neil Armstrong's first steps on the Moon in 1969</span>
How the Daily Telegraph reported Neil Armstrong’s first steps on the Moon in 1969

One of President Nixon’s speechwriters had prepared an address entitled: “In Event of Moon Disaster”. It began: “Fate has ordained that the men who went to the moon to explore in peace will stay to rest in peace.” If the launch from the Moon had failed, Houston was to close down communications and leave Armstrong and Aldrin to their death.  

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